Basics of Experimental Phenomena. by Yu.V.Nachalov
Over the course of latter decades, tens of unexplainable
microscopic and macroscopic effects in natural sciences
and especially in physics and biology have been revealed
and investigated. It should be emphasized that a large
part of these phenomena were demonstrated by objects
having spin or angular momentum.
Probably the first researcher who experimentally detected
the unusual effects associated with torsion was a professor
of the Russian physical-chemical society, N.P.Myshkin,
who at the end of the nineteenth century conducted a
series of experiments using scales . These experiments
were successfully repeated in the 1960s by professor
N.A.Kozyrev and V.V.Nasonov and later by V.S.Belyaev,
S.P.Mikhailov, A.G.Parkhomov and others.
In the 1940s, the soviet astrophysicist N.A.Kozyrev
proposed that the rotation of stars was connected with
their energy output. According to the theory developed
by N.A.Kozyrev, time and rotation are closely interconnected.
In order to verify his theory, N.A.Kozyrev conducted
a series of experiments with spinning gyroscopes. The
goal of these experiments was to make a measurement
of the forces arising while the gyroscope was spinning.
N.A.Kozyrev detected that the weight of the spinning
gyroscope changes slightly depending on the angular
velocity and the direction of rotation. The effect he
discovered was not large, but the nature of the arising
forces could not be explained by existing theories.
N.A.Kozyrev explained the observed effect as being the
manifestation of some "physical properties of time"
In the 1970s, in order to verify N.A.Kozyrev's theory,
a major research of gyroscopes and gyroscopic systems
was conducted by a member of Belarus Academy of Sciences,
professor A.I.Veinik. The effect discovered earlier
by N.A.Kozyrev was completely confirmed, but in order
to explain the observed results, A.I.Veinik developed
his own theory. According to this theory, every substance
has it's own "chronal charge" defined by the
quantity of "chronal" particles which were
named "chronons". A.I.Veinik supposed that
while the object is spinning, "chronons" are
interacting with other "chronons" that surround
this object and therefor the weight of the object changes.
According to A.I.Veinik's theory, "chronons"
generate the so called "chronal" field. A.I.Veinik
found experimentally that strong "chronal"
fields can be generated by spinning masses. A.I.Veinik
measured some properties of "chronal" fields
and found that two types of "chronons" exist
("plus" and "minus" chronons). It
is important to emphasize that A.I.Veinik concluded
that the sign of the "chronon" depended on
orientation of it's spin .
Reported observations of gyroscope weight variations
have been made repeatedly by various researchers in
many countries (e.g.[5-7]). Almost in all cases the
observed effects were interpreted as the manifestation
of antigravitation. In 1989, H.Hayasaka and S.Takeuchi
conducted a series of experiments in which the fall-time
of a freely-falling spinning gyroscope was measured.
They found that the fall-time varied depending on the
angular velocity and the direction of rotation. H.Hayasaka
and S.Takeuchi have attempted to explain the effect
of antigravitation as the manifestation of torsion fields
generated by the spinning gyroscope .
It should be noted that reports stating that the weight
of a spinning gyroscope does not change are also known.
Analysis of these reports shows that experimenters have
simply not fulfilled the conditions required to achieve
the expected effect. N.A.Kozyrev, A.I.Veinik and other
researchers who obsered the change of weight emphasized
repeatedly that the rotation must be non-stationary.
For instance, N.A.Kozyrev and A.I.Veinik used special
vibrations, and H.Hayasaka experimented with moving
From the mid-50s to the late 70s, professor N.A.Kozyrev
(with V.V.Nasonov) conducted astronomical observations
using a receiving system of a new type. When the telescope
was directed at a certain star, the detector (designed
by N.A.Kozyrev and V.V.Nasonov) positioned within the
telescope registered the incoming signal even if the
main mirror of the telescope was shielded by metal screens.
This fact indicated that electromagnetic waves (light)
had some component that could not be shielded by metal
screens. When the telescope was directed not at the
visible but at the true position of a star, the detector
then registered an incoming signal that was much stronger.
The registration of the true positions of different
stars could be interpreted only as registration of star
radiation that had velocities billions of times greater
than the speed of light. N.A.Kozyrev also found that
the detector registered an incoming signal when the
telescope was directed at a position symmetrical to
the visible position of a star relative to it's true
position. This fact was interpreted as a detection of
the future positions of stars .
In the late 1980s to early 90s, astronomical observations
using the Kozyrev-type detector were successfully conducted
by a group of academics at the Russian Academy of Sciences
under M.M.Lavrentiev. While the sky was scanned by the
shielded telescope with the detector inside, it registered
signals coming from the visible position of each star,
the true position, and also the position symmetrical
to the visible position of a star relative to it's true
position. M.M.Lavrentiev could not give a theoretical
interpretation to these facts [9-11]. In 1992 these
experiments were successfully repeated by the group
of A.E.Akimov at the Main astronomical observatory of
the Ukraine Academy of Sciences (Kiev,) and at the Crimean
astrophysical observatory (Nauchnyi). The obtained results
were interpreted as registration of torsion waves. (As
is well known, stars are objects with large angular
In the course of the latter 50 years there have been
numerous reports on anomalous behaviour of spin-polarized
particles. In the USSR the groups under V.G.Baryshevsky
and M.I.Podgoretsky experimentally determined that when
neutrons are passing through spin-polarized targets,
a precession of neutrons arises. The measured magnitude
of precession has shown that the field which caused
that precession has to be thousands of times stronger
than the magnetic field of the target's nuclei .
In the USA the A.D.Krisch group repeatedly observed
anomalies produced by spin-polarized protons . In
France, in experiments with 3He, it was found that the
heat-conduction of helium unusually depends on the state
of nuclei spins . (This list can be easily continued.)
In 1977, A.C.Tam and W.Happer experimentally discovered
that two parallel circularly polarized laser beams mutually
attract or repel depending on mutual orientation of
their circular polarization .
In 1966 the K.N.Perebeynos group demonstrated an experimental
communication system in which the transmitter and the
receiver were constructed as rotating masses. Transmitted
information could be recieved even when the receiver
was shielded by massive screens. The method applied
was interpreted as the generation and reception of gravitational
In spite of the seeming diversity, all of the experiments
considered above have a certain resemblance: all of
the mentioned effects are demonstrated by objects with
spin or angular momentum. As was already noted, probably
the first experimenter who made a major investigation
of effects demonstrated by spinning objects was N.A.Kozyrev.
It is also necessary to note A.I.Veinik's research work.
A.I.Veinik made tens of types of generators based on
rotating masses. These generators could change their
weight (Very slightly. If a mass ~1 kg is rotating with
the angular velocity ~ 20.000 rpm then the "inner
force" ~30*10 -5 N.), and their "chronal"
fields could affect practically all physical and biological
objects and could not be shielded by "usual"
screens . It is also useful to note V.M.Yurovitsky's
patented generators which are based on spinning magnets.
V.M.Yurovitsky was the first who pointed out that many
phenomena could be explained as a result of manifestation
of long-range fields generated by spin or angular momentum
density. Later generators based on mechanically rotating
magnets were developed by V.V.Bobyr and many others.
As a result of a series of experiments conducted in
the Institute of Material Research ("Institut problem
materialovedeniya" in russian) (Kiev, Ukraine)
it was established that the emanation produced by this
sort of generator is able to change the inner structure
of any substance (it's spin structure). It was also
established that an identical change of the structure
of various substances can be achieved by "sensitives"
("psychics,") and could not be achieved by
the use of other known technologies. The emanations
of the developed generators was interpreted as torsion
In other series of experiments conducted in the Institute
of Material Research, the influence of the torsion radiation
on various photographs was investigated. It was established
that by the use of this method it is possible to transmit
information from one point of space to another .
(Probably the first researchers to apply this method
were Albert Abrams, Curtis Upton, William Knuth, and
George De La Warr.) The experimental research conducted
in the Institute of Material research and at other scientific
organizations was managed by the Center of non-conventional
technologies under the USSR Science and Technics State
Committee. These investigations were based on the so
called "Theory of physical vacuum" developed
by russian physicist G.I.Shipov.
G.I.Shipov used a geometry of absolute parallelism
(A 4 ) with an additional 6 rotational coordinates,
and on the strict level it showed that the movement
of any object should be described by 10 movement equations
but not by 4 equations as it is in Einstein's GR. From
Shipov's vacuum equations, every known fundumental physical
equation (Einstein's, Young-Mills', Heisenberg's, etc.)
can be deduced in completely geometrised form. G.I.Shipov
showed that besides the two known long-range physical
fields - electromagnetic and gravitational - there exists
third long-range field possessing significantly richer
properties: the torsion field. The torsion field is
an extremely unusual entity. First of all, the upper
limit for the speed of torsion waves is estimated to
be not less than 109 c, where c is the speed of light.
Secondly, torsion fields are able to propagate in a
region of space which is not limited by the light cone.
That means that torsion fielda are able to propagate
not only in the future but in the past as well. Thirdly,
torsion fields transmit information without transmitting
energy. Fourth - torsion fields are not required to
follow the superposition principle .
Torsion fields are generated by spin (considering
classical spin [22,23]) or by angular momentum. There
exist both right and left torsion fields (depending
on the spin orientation). Since all substances (except
amorphous materials) have their own stereochemistry
which determines not only the location of atoms in molecules
but also determines their mutual spin orientation, then
the superposition of torsion fields generated by the
atomic and nuclear spins of each molecule determines
the intensity of torsion field in the space surrounding
each molecule. The superposition of all these torsion
fields determines the intensity and spatial configuration
of the characterist torsion field of that substance.
Thus each substance possess its own characteristic torsion
The property which is open to influence by torsion
fields is spin. (We should note that the spin-torsion
interaction constant is equal to 10 -5 - 10 -6. This
constant is less than the constant of electromagnetic
interactions, yet much greater than the constant of
gravitational interactions.) Thus the structure of the
torsion field of every object can be changed by the
influence of an external torsion field. As a result
of such an influence, the new configuration of the torsion
field will be fixed as a metastable state (as a polarized
state) and will remain intact even after the source
of the external torsion field is moved to another area
of space. Thus torsion fields of certain spatial configuration
can be "recorded" on any physical or biological
Since every permanent magnet possess not only oriented
magnetic moments but also classical spins orientation
as well, then every permanent magnet possess it's own
torsion field. (This fact was first experimentally discovered
by A.I.Veinik.) Understanding this important property
of magnetic fields allows us to understand a variety
of phenomena, for instance the phenomenon known as "magnetization
The following fundamentally important fact should be
emphasized. In the framework of the theory of electro-torsion
interactions, it is shown that if electrostatic or electromagnetic
fields exist in some region of space, then there always
exists torsion fields in that region of space. Electrostatic
or electromagnetic fields without a torsion component
do not exist. On the strict level this is shown by G.I.Shipov
. Strong torsion fields are generated by high electrical
potentials and by devices with organized circular or
spiral electromagnetic processes. (Probably the first
researcher to investigate torsion fields by this type
of generators was Nikola Tesla. In Russia, similar results
were obtained by S.V.Avramenko and others.)
Torsion fields can be generated as the result of the
distortion of geometry of pthe hysical vacuum. Every
object with a certain surface geometry will simultaneously
generate left and right torsion fields of a certain
configuration depending on the geometry of the object.
This fact can be detected by various types of physical,
chemical and biological indicators. This type of manifestation
of the torsion field was repeatedly observed by numerous
researchers: A.I.Veinik, Yu.V.Tszyan Kanchzhen, A.A.Beridze-Stakhovsky,
V.S.Grebennikov, I.M.Shakhparonov and many others in
Russia and various researchers in other countries [25-31].
Later an experimental investigation of the torsion fields
generated by objects with different geometry of surface
was conducted by the group of A.E.Akimov at the Physics
Institute of the Ukraine Academy of Sciences and at
Chernovitsky University .
Another kind of torsion generator employs a combination
of the above described principles. For instance, the
combination of high-frequency electromagnetic oscillations
and topological effect ("form effect") is
used in the generators developed by Yu.V.Tszyan Kanchzhen.
The combination of high electric potential and topological
effect is used in the device made by A.I.Veinik and
in the device described in the patent . The combination
of magnetic fields and high-frequency electromagnetic
oscillations is used in W.Kroppa's patented generators.
Rotating magnetic fields are used in V.M.Yurovitsky's
The extremely unusual properties and possibilities
demonstrated by torsion field generators allowed the
development of new approaches to the interpretation
of various phenomena, including ESP and PK. From the
late 80s till the late 90s, major experimental investigations
were conducted that confirmed the theoretical predictions.
It was established that torsion generators allow us
not only to replicate all "phenomena" demonstrated
by so called "psychics," but they also are
able to demonstrate effects that were never demonstrated
by any "psychic".
1. Myshkin N.P. "Dvizheniye tela, nakhod yashegosya
v potoke luchistoi energii." //Zhyrnal Russkogo
fiziko-himicheskogo obshestva, 1906, v.3, p.149. (russian)
("The movement of object placed in the radiant
2. Kozyrev N.A. "Prichinnaya ili nesimmetrichnaya
mekhanika v lineinom priblizhenii.", Pulkovo, GAO
AN SSSR, 1958, 90 p. (russian) ("Causal or asymmetrical
mechanics in linear approximation.")
3. Kozyrev N.A. "On the possibility of experimental
investigation of the properties of time." //Time
in science and philosophy, Prague, 1971, p.111-132.
4. Veinik A.I. "Termodinamika rjealnyh processov.",
Minsk, Nauka i Tehnika, 1991, 576 p. (russian) ("Thermodynamics
of real processes.")
5. Polyakov S.M., Polyakov O.S. "Vvedeniye v eksperimentalnuyu
gravitoniku.", Moscow, Prometei, 1988, 136 p. (russian)
("Introduction to the experimental gravitonics.")
6. Hayasaka H., Takeuchi S. "Anomalous weight reduction
on a gyroscope's right rotation around the vertical
axis of the Earth." //Phys.rev.lett., 1989, # 63,
7. Laithwaite E.R. "The continuing story of gyroscopic
magic." //Elec.rev., 1975, # 197, p.675-678.
8. Kozyrev N.A., Nasonov V.V. "O nekhotoryh svoistvah
vremeni, obnaruzhennykh astronomicheskimi nablyudeniyami."
//Problemy issledovaniya Vselennoi, 1980, # 9, p.76.
(russian) ("On some properties of time discovered
by astronomical observations.")
9. Lavrentiev M.M., Yeganova I.A., Lutset M.K., Fominykh
S.F. "O distantsionnom vozdeistvii zvezd na rezistor."
//Doklady Academii Nauk SSSR, 1990, v.314, # 2. (russian)
("On the remote influence of stars on the resistor.")
10. Lavrentiev M.M., Gusev V.A., Yegonova I.A., Lutset
M.K., Fominykh S.F. "O registratsii istinnogo polozheniya
Solntsa." //Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1990, v.315,
# 2. (russian) ("On the registration of a true
position of Sun.")
11. Lavrentiev M.M., Yeganova I.A., Medvedev V.G., Oleinik
V.K., Fominykh S.F. "O skanirovanii zvyeozdnogo
neba datchikom Kozyreva." //Doklady Akademii Nauk,
1992, v.323, # 4. (russian) ("On the scanning of
the star sky with Kozyrev's detector.")
12. Akimov A.E., Kovalchuk G.U., Medvedev V.G., Oleinik
V.K., Pugach A.F. "Predvaritelnyye rezultaty astronomicheskikh
nablyudenii po metodike N.A.Kozyreva.", Kiev, 1992,
GAO AN Ukrainy, preprint # GAO-92-5R (russian) ("Preliminary
results of astronomical observations using N.A.Kozyrev's
13. Akimov A.E., Pugach A.F. "K vozmozhnosti obnaruzheniya
torsionnykh voln astronomicheskimi metodami.",
Moscow, 1992, CISE VENT ("MNTTs VENT" in russian),
preprint # 25. (russian) (To the question about the
possibility of detecting torsion waves by astronomical
14. Baryshevsky V.G., Podgoretsky M.I. "Yadernaya
pretsessiya neitronov." //Zhurnal eksperimentalnoi
i teoreticheskoi fiziki, 1964, v.47, p.1050. (russian)
("Nuclei precession of neutrons.")
15. Krisch A.D. "The spin of proton." //Scientific
American, May, 1979.
16. Lhuiller C. "Transport properties in a spin
polarized gas, III." //J.Phys. (Fr.), 1983, v.44,
# 1, p.1.
17. Tam A.C., Happer W. "Long range interaction
between CW self-focused laser beams in an atomic vapor."
//Phys.rev.lett., 1977, v.38, # 6, p.278-282.
18. Perebeynos K.N. "Otsenka vozmozhnosti ispolzovaniya
gravitatsionnyh voln dlya tseley svyazi.", Otchyot
po NIR, Moscow, 1966, 17 p. (russian) ("The estimation
of the possibility to use gravitational waves for communication
19. Maiboroda V.P., Akimov A.E., Maksimova V.A., Tarasenko
V.Ya. "Vliyaniye torsionnyh polei na rasplav olova.",
Moscow, 1994, CISE VENT, preprint # 49. (russian) ("The
influence of torsion fields on a tin melt.")
20. Akimov A.E., Boichuk V.V., Tarasenko V.Ya. "Dalnodeistvuyushiye
spinornyye polya. Fizicheskie modeli.", Kiev, 1989,
Institut problem materialovedeniya, preprint # 4. (russian)
("Long-range spinor fields. Physical models.")
21. Shipov G.I. "Teoriya fizicheskogo vacuuma.",
Moscow, 1993, NT-Center, 362 p. (russian) ("Theory
of physical vacuum.")
22. Bagrov V.G., Bordovitsyn V.A. "Klassicheskaya
teoriya spina." //Izvestiya VUZ, ser.Fizika, 1980,
# 2. (russian) ("The classical theory of spin.")
23. Ternov I.M., Bordovitsyn V.A. "O sovremennoi
interpretatsii klassicheskoi teorii spina Ya.I.Frenkelya."
//Uspekhi fizicheskih nauk, 1980, v.132, # 2. (russian)
("On the modern interpretation of the classical
theory of spin by Ya.I.Frenkel'.")
24. Shipov G.I. "Teoriya electrotorsionnyh vzaimodeistvii.",
Moscow, 1996, MITPF, preprint # 1. (russian) ("Theory
of electro-torsion interactions.")
25. Grebennikov V.S. "O fiziko-biologicheskih svoistvah
gnezdovii pchyol-opylityeley." //Sibirsky vestnik
selskokhozyaistvennoy nauki, 1984, # 3. (russian) ("On
the physical-biological properties of the bee's nests.")
26. Pagot J. "Radiesthesie et emission de forme.",
Paris, 1978, 277 p.
27. "Appareillage d'amplification on des emission
des aux formes." Patent Republique Francaise #
2421531, 30 nov. 1979.
28. "Dispositit d'application des emission denx
aux formes a la matiere an mouvement." Patent Republique
Francaise # 2488096, 5 fev. 1982.
29. Schweitzer P. Patentamt # P3320518.3, 13.12.84,
30. Fantuzzi G. Patentamt # 250943.9, 18.09.75, Bundesrepublic
31. Fantuzzi G. USSR patent # 688107, 25.09.79.
32. Akimov A.E., Kurik M.V., Tarasenko V.Ya. "Vliyaniye
spinornogo (torsionnogo) polya na protsess kristallizatsii
mitsellyarnyh struktur." //Biotekhnologiya, 1991,
# 3. (russian) ("The influence of the spinor (torsion)
field on the process of crystallization of micellar